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In towns and cities throughout the United States, asbestos lawsuits are increasingly prolific as individuals exposed to asbestos twenty and thirty years ago are today developing and dying from mesothelioma. Mesothelioma is a rare and extremely lethal form of cancer, in which malignant cells are found in the protective sac covering most of the bodys internal organs. Mesothelioma, which is caused by exposure to asbestos, takes up to three decades to strike its victims. Those with the greatest risk of developing mesothelioma have worked on jobs where they inhaled asbestos particles, or have been exposed to asbestos dust and fiber in other ways.
Today, a growing number of mesothelioma lawsuits have succeeded in recovering hundreds of millions in compensation for the tens of thousands of mesothelioma victims. Compensation is paid by the companies that make these asbestos products, and enables victims to cover their medical expenses and to be compensated for their pain and suffering.
A current center of concern for asbestos victims is New Orleans. In the post-Katrina era, New Orleans and the entire state of Louisiana is undergoing a boom in construction a business infamous for its use of asbestos products. Post-storm rehabilitations of homes, the related large-scale demolitions, and even just the ubiquitous roofing jobs currently underway are exposing thousands of people to asbestos. Despite these dangers, however, Congress is considering a Bill that would prevent someone who becomes ill with cancer as a result of post-Katrina asbestos exposure from getting financial relief.
The introduction of the Bill is being motivated by calls for tort reform among asbestos-related industries. Financially crippled by increasingly high rewards to asbestos victims, these industries want a cap on their liability. They cite a recent asbestos lawsuit in Louisiana, in which homeowners who purchased asbestos-contaminated fill dirt sued the contractor who sold them the soil, as well as the oil company where the dirt had been removed. Although none of the plaintiffs have yet become sick, a jury awarded them compensatory and punitive damages due to their fear of harm (rather than actual harm). The verdict was upheld by a Louisiana appeals court, which ruled that any exposure to a harmful substance, no matter how slight, justifies a lawsuit.
The new Bill, set for debate by Congress in February, would halt asbestos lawsuits. The Bill is seeking to protect companies with asbestos liability from further lawsuits by paying into a government administered trust fund, which would screen claimants through established medical criteria. Victims would be awarded compensation based on the severity of their illness. The Bill specifically states that the fund would not cover victims of environmental and neighborhood exposure, with the prime example being post-Katrina victims in New Orleans and across Louisiana. The Bill is widely opposed by the medical community, as well as by labor unions and citizens rights activists, particularly in the state of Louisiana.
Nothing beats the coziness of your own home especially during those cold, winter nights. But when you’re freezing in it despite having a furnace then there’s a problem. A good way to check if poor air flow is the concern is to use the garbage bag airflow test.
One of the most common issues with heating and cooling equipment is poor air flow. This problem makes your heating and cooling equipment work like inefficient outdated models and this can waste a lot of your money. The two most common reasons for poor air flow: inadequate duct sizing and a dirty return air filter.
Inadequate Duct Sizing Inadequate duct sizing is usually the result of a poor installation by a contractor who might possibly not have the qualifications to perform proper sizing. This is a very common problem that a homeowner may battle for years to come and could cost thousands of dollars over the life of the equipment. It is extremely crucial that you get references before choosing a contractor.
A Dirty Return Air Filter A dirty return air filter is the easiest problem to fix. Simply change your return air conditioning filter more frequently or utilize a filter that does not restrict air flow. This simple change can lead to huge savings. How You Can Perform the Garbage Bag Air flow Test
Garbage bag airflow test is one of the easiest and cheapest methods to determine the air flow of your furnace registers, bathroom exhaust fan or clothes dryer exhaust. It’s a vital test to pinpoint the reason why your furnace isn’t providing sufficient warm air in your room. This is also important in order to determine whether your newly purchased exhaust is working at its best. The same goes when you’re having major renovations in your home that call for a change in your heating or cooling systems. It’s the cheapest way to check your furnace register and exhaust fans performance as it only requires a garbage bag. This test isn’t a precise measurement of the airflow but it is better than not conducting any test at all.
Here’s how to do the garbage bag airflow test:
1. Secure the mouth of the garbage bag using a tape right into a bent coat hanger or to a cardboard in order to keep it open.
2. Be sure to deflate the bag by crushing it flat.
3. Position the open part of the bag (mouth) over the furnace register or exhaust hood.
4. Using a stopwatch or any gadget track the number of seconds it takes for the bag to fully inflate.
If you’re using a small garbage bag that measures 66 x 91 cm, you should use the information below to determine the airflow:
Inflation time = Airflow
*2 seconds = 35L/s (75 cfm)
*4 seconds = 20 L/s (40 cfm)
*10 seconds = 10 L/s (20 cfm)
However, if you’re using a bigger garbage bag that measures 79 x 119 cm, use this data:
Inflation time = Airlfow
*2 seconds = 100 L/s (210 cfm)
*4 seconds = 50 L/s (105 cfm)
In the Toronto metro area, the roofing company of choice is Chouinard Brothers. Materials, quality and a devotion to customer service are their strong suits. Here is a little about them.
The Chouinard family has been in the roofing business since 1972. They opened their doors some 39 years ago and have been family held and operated ever since. This helps them keep prices low, but more importantly, it means that they can focus on the customer more than a large chain is able to.
The company is currently run by Michelle Chouinard and her family. Michelle handles all sales and customer service calls herself, so she is certain that you are completely satisfied. Their dedication to your experience is exemplary and to facilitate that, Chouinard Brothers has a showroom that is open to the public 6 days a week.
You can visit that showroom weekdays from 7AM to 4PM and on Saturdays from 10AM to 3PM. Ask your questions and an experienced professional will answer them with a visual aspect. This erases the possibility of any misunderstandings. You will leave with the knowledge to make an informed decision about your roof needs.
Financing is available as well with a variety of services, all accredited and bona fide. Chouinard Brothers Roofing knows that most folks don’t have the money on hand for major repairs or installations, so financing is made available in this manner. All applications for credit are processed in-house and the staff will help you through it.
All this is great, but you need to know what exactly is offered by Chouinard Brothers. Roofing is their primary business, but they do offer a wide variety of basic construction services. Aluminum siding, gutters, doors and windows are all part of the company’s expertise. All inquiries are handles in the strictest confidence and only you will know the details.
Let’s face it; if your house doesn’t have a good roof, there’s not much else you can do to make your house both weatherproof and attractive. Without a good roof, everything else about your home will quickly deteriorate. That’s why you need to keep it in good repair at all times, replacing as necessary.
Single shield prevents moss, fungus, and algae from growing, which can lengthen roof life. This is especially valuable to houses where there’s a lot of shade, such as under trees, or where sunlight is otherwise obstructed.
Chouinard Brothers has been contracted to do roofs for entire subdivisions. The developers of those subdivisions have raved about the wonderful work done by Chouinard’s professional installation staff. They can do the same for private clientele as well.
Chouinard Brothers has been located in Markham Toronto since the beginning. They know the needs and special weather considerations in the area and can expertly assist you in making a decision. Along with all this expertise and professionalism, you get a guarantee on the materials from the manufacturer, a written guarantee on the work for 10 years and the peace of mind that your roof is done right.
Generally, roofs with slants and inclines are favored by most residential and commercial residences. Their natural ability to dispose of rain and snow without having to install substantial amounts of insulation has made them an effective and affordable option.
A built-up roof is an integument made up of alternating layers of tar and asphalt materials. They have been used in the U.S. for almost a century and are usually referred to as tar and gravel roofs, as these are some of the primary materials used in its construction.
Built-up roofing takes coal tar-saturated cotton fabrics and gravel-like materials, like asphalt, to assemble alternating layers of bitumen (tar) and roofing felts or ply sheets directly over the roof decks and insulation. The tar is used to soak into the roofing felt and durably hold all the elements together.
Built-up roofing has been around since the 1840s as a reliable option that was readily available for installing new roofs. All it requires is three essential components: a waterproofing component, a reinforcing component and a surfacing component. Most roofs apply variations of these components to create more durable, waterproof roofs. Some even apply 10 ply sheets to one roof! This helps ensure the roof against potential leaking from entering the home while creating a stable platform for any solar panels or roof gardens installed on the roof.
Built-up roofs are very dependable and work great for many reasons, however, they do have some drawbacks. The maintenance of the roof seems to be the primary concern. Built-up roofs are built flat and as one so when a leak occurs it can be difficult to place the location of it, causing one to have to dismantle the entire roof. 1. In order to avoid major damage, maintenance must take place on the roofing system regularly. Re-asphalting the layers is usually not necessary if the roofing surface is properly cared for. This would include draining the rain that forms on the roof after storms and remodeling the top layer with reflective materials to prevent heat damage.
However, because built-up roofs are flat the task of removing layers are much easier. It also creates flexibility in terms of what you can add to your roofing space, should you so desire. Roofing gardens and solar panels are much more easy to install on flat roofs than traditional sloped rooftops.
Then benefits of this type of roof are great, however, the drawbacks are something to consider. Keep in mind that these roofs require a bit of maintenance and labor, the larger the roof the greater the responsibility for upkeep. If your ultimate goal is to save money, this option would be the most cost-effective.
Different Types of Plumbing Fittings
– In the UK there are two ways in which most plumbing is done, the first and most common is done with copper pipe and fittings, the other is the newer plastic push fit system. The copper pipe and fittings has come under scrutiny recently as the joining of the copper pipes is increasingly
difficult as it is often time consuming and awkward due to the fact that copper pipe is often supplied in straight lengths meaning that it needs
to be joined or bent when ever a change of direction occurs. Plastics on the other hand, like that of the push fit system helps to eradicate this awkwardness. Push fit gives you a simple and easy way to make a joint without losing reliability and can be straightforwardly broken down and reassembled.
Advantages of Push-fit
– Plastic pipe is flexible; it is able to bend in a non-linear fashion. Copper piping has limited flexibility.
Plastic piping will not burst. Copper piping has a tendency to freeze and burst leaving huge amounts of damage making it harder to introduce this into
cold areas like cellars. Very much in contrast to plastic pipe.
Due to its flexibility plastic pipe can be pushed thought holes in joists rather than being laid in notches. This is not realistic with copper piping
as it is hard to get the holes in line.
Push fit systems can also be used with copper pipe when so desired as it is very adaptable.
Disadvantages of Push-Fit
– Due to its flexibility the plastic pipe will not support its own weight. This is will not jeopardize its ability to work however, but it would be difficult to poke a bent pipe through a hole in floor boards.
Plastic pipe cannot come into contact with anything that is very hot, for example a boiler. If in contact with a boiler there is a possibility that it could melt therefore it is advised that metal pipe work is used for the first few feet.
Aesthetically the plastic pipes are bigger and less attractive than its copper counter parts.
Plastic pipes and fittings are pricier than their competitor copper.
– Like that of the copper piping, plastic piping is available in both 15mm and 22mm diameter. They are available in a wide range of accessories
including: straight, right angled and Tee couplings. Washing machine taps, tap connectors, in-line stopcocks, one-way valves, stop ends and tank connectors.
– If you don’t normally use plastic fittings it is certainly worth keeping some around, especially in the winter. If a pipe bursts you will be able to fix the problem in a matter of minutes and the effects will be long lasting.
Portable air conditioners are a practical alternative to central units; however, how a portable A/C cools a room is different than how central A/C cools a room. Cafeterias can pose several problems to portable air conditioner units including the size of the room, the number of windows in the room, and the number of children in the room. Here is a quick guide to explain how to cool a school’s cafeteria using portable air conditioning units.
Determine the number of units needed
Many portable air conditioners will detail the what size room it will effectively cool. As a general rule, the more powerful A/C units will keep larger rooms cool. However, it may not always be a good idea to buy one or two powerful A/C units and locating them in a cafeteria. If a lunchroom has a lot of windows, consider buying multiple weaker units to cool the room at different angles all at the same time. Because weaker units are cheaper than powerful units, this will save money for the school’s budget.
Determine the number of children in the room
Body heat can hinder an air conditioner’s performance. If there are a lot of children in the same room for a long time, body heat can collect and heat the room 10 degrees Fahrenheit or higher. It may be necessary to purchase high powered units to compensate for the collection of body heat.
Start the units before the children arrive
Thirty minutes before the children arrive for lunch, turn on all the air conditioner units. This will give the room enough time to cool down without wasting a lot of electricity. If the kitchen is attached to the main cafeteria, start the A/C units 30 minutes before the cafeteria workers arrive. Kitchen ovens and stove tops can also add to the overall heat in a cafeteria.
Insulation is what keeps cool air in and hot air out. Insulation can be expensive, but it can greatly reduce the amount electricity needed. A one-time insulation installation can reduce the operating costs in a school’s budget. Some companies offer discounts to school systems. Seek out a company that will work with a school’s budget and payment time frame for special services and operating costs.
Portable A/C units can be great benefits to a school, but it is important to take several considerations to mind. With a little preparation and creative thought, portable air conditioning can effectively cool a cafeteria and reduce the operating costs caused by central units.
Roofers dont just build or install roofs. They create roofing systems that work the best with the architecture project. A proper roofing system works together as a unit to ensure your buildings overall effectiveness in both shelter and safety. A roofers job is not only to put a roofing system in place, but to repair and maintain it. They will also be able to provide simple solutions for problems you may consider to be bigger than they actually are.
Leaks, Repairs and Replacements
Its inevitable that at some point in time your roof is going to leak. This is caused by damage from weather or just normal wear and tear. Sometimes animals are the cause. But for the most part, a leak in a roof is not uncommon, and you will never find a roof thats completely “leak-proof”. While you may go some years without your roof leaking, eventually its going to happen.
When it does, keep in mind that most of these problems do not require you to re-roof your house. Most leaks are small things, and only require something simple like sealing a crack. A roofer will come in and tell you exactly what the problem is, how they can fix it, how long it will take and how much itll cost.
If, in fact, your roofing system does need to be replaced, it can be for several reasons. An irreversibly repairable roofing system may be the result of neglect, improper material choice, or having a roof installed that is not proper for the building type. If this does happen, you will be told straight away.
The Importance of Annual Inspections
Most of these problems can be prevented by having an inspection done on your roof twice a year. A roofer will come by and make sure that everything is still working on your roofing system the way its supposed to. He can identify minor problems that may be easily repaired right there on the spot, and other problems that may become major ones later on. By listening and following his advice, youll find that things like leaks and repairs will be few and far between, which will save you money in the long run.
Should You Do the Work yourself?
Roofing work should never be done by yourself, unless you are a trained professional. Roofers know the local construction laws and are trained to get their work done with those in mind. You may very well violate something trying to repair your roof yourself and be fined. Or, you can damage the roofing system itself. Or, worse yet, you can get hurt. You should never climb up onto a roof and try to repair or fix anything. Though youve got your finances in mind, investing in proper roof repair is no different than investing in proper care for your car. If you want your home to continue functioning at its peak, then paying a professional to come in and do something no matter how minor is well worth the money spent in the long run.
How to find the best roofing contractor in Oxford (or anywhere)
My Top Tips for hiring a roofing contractor
Before you start do some research on the internet about the roofing materials which are available. There are many types of roofing materials available clay or concrete tiles, slate, roofing shingles, and roofing felts for flat roofs, and and the choice of material will affect the overall budget. For example clay tiles are generally more expensive than conrete tiles. You may also be affected by the type of roofing materials in neighbouring properties. With this knowledge you won’t be going cold into discussions with a contractor about materials to be used.
Start asking friends, neighbours and work colleagues about who they would recommend as a contractor. They may have direct experience of roofing contractors or they may know someone who has such expereince. if they do know about a contractor ask whether the contractor completed the job as expected, and whether they would hire them again. Ask whther they were couryeous and polite. Local Builders’ supply shops, DIY shops and estate agents amy also have some knowledge of possible contractors you can hire. Try not just going to Yellow Pages and picking a contractor at random. In asking for referrals make sure that the job done is comparable with the job you have planned
Contact the contractor. What was your first impression of the contractor? Was the contractor pleasant and courteous? Did the contractor return your call promptly? Did the contractor set up an appointment with you within a reasonable time (usually within 24 hours)? Ask relevant questions such what employer’s liability and insurance they have, how long have they been in business, do they have a particular specialty, how many employees? If time is a priority for you, ask how soon a project could be started.
Meet the contractor and discuss the options. First of all clarify whether you need a complete new roof or whether a repair job is adequate. if it’s a whole new roof discuss the options on roofing materials to be used. Ask the contractor the following questions:
– What warranty will they give? Will they provide a warranty on both parts and labour? How long will the warranty last. For a new roof you would expect a warranty of at least 10 years
– Do they specialise in residential or commercial roofing work?
– How long will the job take? A roof can be replaced in a week or in even less time if they have a large and well organised workforce
– How long have they been in business? Normally you would want one with at least 5 years experience
– What type of roofing styles and colours will they offer? This is where your initial research about roofing materials will come in handy.
– How much will the roofing job cost? Get a written estimate. In talking to diiferent contractors make sure that each estimate is based on the same information so that you are comparing like with like
– What steps will they take to ensure the minimum of disruption while the job is done and to ensure that everything is cleaned up before they leave?
– What steps will they take to ensure the safety of their employees while on your property and the safety of anyone in the vicinity of your property?
– What liability and employer insurance do they have? Get it in writing.
– Do they offer financing schemes or payment through credit card? Will they give discounts for cash payment? How much do they want upfront and how much as each milestone is reached?
– What references will they give for recent and comparable work?
Get this information and a written estimate from at least three contractors. Make sure that the estimates contain the same quality materials; some times the lowest bid is not using the same quality materials.
Do not automatically pick the cheapest estimate. Also if one estimate is significantly higher than the others the chances are that the contractor may not want your business because he is up to his eyes already in work.
Check the references which each contractor has given you. Ask the key questions of the referees. Were the jobs completed to their satisfaction and would they use the same contractor again?
Once you have made your decision, sign a written contract with the contractor. Ensure that the contract specifies the work to be done, total cost, payment schedule, start date and estimated completion date and a written warranty. Make sure the contract includes the roofing materials and the brands and colours to be used and any additional work such as replacing guttering. Make sure the contract specifies that the contractor is responsible for cleanup when the job is done and the removal of all waste materials.
One of the most overlooked things when it comes to roofing is simple enough even for the inexperienced eyes of a homeowner. A frequent examination of your roof tiles from whatever height you might be most comfortable with, be that at the floor or up a ladder, with binoculars or not, will ensure that minor jobs don’t come to be household emergencies.
A few roofing problems that tend to be seen are outlined below
The roof structure frame may easily become stressed since , tiles getting porous, they keep water which makes them heavier.
When there is water on your roof this has a chance to freeze and expand and this is likely to cause tiles to become cracked and broken.The stormy English weather is incredibly adept at finding any weaknesses so cracked and damaged tiles are much more inclined to be the weakest link.. Leaks frequently occur where there is a missing or loose tile .
Moss is not good for the longevity of a roof structure since as it grows it may easily lift up the tiles and leave the roof covering exposed to stormy weather. Moss is a cause of a great number of problems on a roofing.. The large volume of water which is stored by moss is one of its major difficulties.In winter moss and the water it holds gets frozen causing damage identified as frost heave and ice dams which results in damage to all areas with the roof top.
Birds tear off the top layer of roof moss, to expose the insects living in it after which discard the moss which usually finds its way into the gutter, and will be the cause of leaks and overflow.. In the worse instances this can easily also be the cause of drainage complications if the material is allowed to get into them.
When the cement comes loose from ridges that is both a would-be hazard due to falling debris as well as leaving the roof top at risk of water getting in . Rain hardly ever falls straight down, the force of the wind blows it in every which way which means that it’s going to get into the gaps and into the roof structure.
Damaged flashings are also the root of many roof troubles. This might be as a result of inadequate fitting or simple weakening of the joints over time.. So check them regularly.
Frequent gutter cleaning will be certain that water runs off effortlessly.
If you need a storage shed you are probably wondering how to build a shed? If you are good with tools, this will not pose too great a challenge for you. All you need is the right plans to follow for buying and building with. With the wrong plans, this can be a tedious task. In contrast, this will be a simple job if you have the correct plans.
Your first step is of course measure the spot you want to put your shed. Doing this will enable you to determine which size shed you can erect. Once the area and size are determined, it is time for you to buy your DIY shed plans.
After you purchase your plans then you have what you need to know which materials to buy. You need to get all the wood you need to the project. Additionally, you will need a wide variety of tools so make sure you have them all. Your pre-drawn scheme should help.
Once you have all your lumber and tools, you have to chop your wood to size. Having all the wood cut and prepared will shorten the assembly time a great deal.
Your first step is to lay all of the framework on the floor and nail it together. Most people today use nail guns to do this job. After the floor’s foundation is completed, check to see if it is square. At this point, you need to put the boards down for the floor. This is usually sheets of plywood cut to fit. Remember to nail the floorboards securely.
Then, lay out your side supporters and create the framework for each side. Remember to leave an opening for the door. Then place the sheets of plywood in place for the walls and nail in. Now place all outer and inner trim work onto the foundation as is outlined in the blueprint. Each plan differs at this stage though depending on the style of shed.
After the walls are up, it is time to put the rafters and framework up for the roof. Nail them in place while consulting your plans. Next, hem in the shed with your plywood for the roof. Complete any needed trimming for the wood at this point.
Connect both doors by utilizing the proper hardware. Verify that they fit correctly to guarantee they will function properly. There is nothing worse than doors that do not fit right.
Sand and paint your shed whatever color you choose. Be sure to check that you are using outdoor paint, so it will withstand weather conditions. It is a good idea to buy roof shingles for your shed, this is a personal preference and it is not necessary. Naturally, you will need to learn how to do your own shingles before attempting it yourself.
Now that you are an expert in how to build a shed, go purchase your plans. You will save a great deal of money when building you own shed over a ready-built one. You will be filled with a sense of pride each time you glance over at the shed you built on your own. So go and build your shed today!