September, 2020

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Rockingham 6168 Flooring Experts For Vinyl, Linoleum, Laminates

How to find a Expert in Rockingham Perth 6168 Western Australia for
new carpet, carpet black, carpet industrial,carpet online, laminate floors,carpet sales, timber laminate flooring, wood laminate flooring, carpet sale,
laminate flooring, large carpets, sale carpet, carpet sale, laminate floor, bamboo flooring, cheap flooring, hardwood flooring, wood flooring
wood floor, carpeting, carpet tile,

1.)Check to make sure that they have a contractors license.
2.)Get two or more references.
3.)Ask how long they have been in business.
4.)Get at least one other bid for the job to make sure they are not ripping you off.
5.)Get flat rate estimates so you know the total you will pay beforehand.

The best place to start asking about carpet layer is your family and friends. Other good sources of referrals include contractors, real estate agents and your local builders.
Who will lay the carpet for me and how much will it cost?
Ask for testimonials about the jobs he has had completed. Seek quotes from other carpet layers but always ask about jobs they have done before hand and whether they have any references or testimonials from customers, find out whether they have undertaken and apprenticeship, not all people working in the industry have completed training. It is always best to find out early so you are not disappointed later with a shoddy job.
To become a qualified carpet layer, you need to complete a Floor Covering apprenticeship.
The off-the-job training is available through TAFE colleges and private training organisations.

Some good questions to ask:

Were you happy with the quality provided by the floor covering contractor?
Everybody has their own ideas of quality, so you should take a look at their house and judge for yourself. Pay attention to cut-in areas around doors, windows and trim. Are the lines straight and was caulking applied. Interior or exterior doesnt matter; proper surface preparation always leads to better, more pleasing results.

Make sure you ask about other options for flooring covering

Most carpet stores also do laminates and other floor covering. This will be real money and time saver for you.

A good carpet store will help remove all the stress and hassle with picking and getting just the right floor coverings you want.

Leave feedback the store would like to know the good the bad and the ugly so they can put whatever right and improve on their services. And if they done a great job well let your friends know as these a people worth giving business too.

So happy shopping for that perfect floor covering, make sure you check out the Free Guide at RockinghamCarpets dot com the more information the better.
Lorinj

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Rta Furniture.

The rising demand for furniture and the scarcity of wood has made manufactures experiment with other material, the result is ready to assemble furniture (RTA). This revolution changed the furniture market and has made left solid wood furniture take the backseat. With its growing popularity it seem RTA is here to stay for a long time.

If your bedroom furniture needs a change and you feel solid wood furniture is a bit too expensive, RTA is the answer for you. Ready-to-Assemble furniture, or RTA as commonly known, has been the most appreciable invention in the furniture world. RTA or the knock-down furniture was made popular by a Swedish company, and original RTA came with a blue and gold logo to mark its authenticity. Along with its various advantages like low cost, Portability and durability, a few undeserving disadvantages can definitely be ignored.

Over time RTA furniture has proved to be stronger that solid wood furniture, it can sustain more abuse and bare more weight compared to solid wood due to its manufacturing technique. It is made from particleboard compressed between two veneer sheet this makes it tuff and long-lasting. The absence of pores and cracks prevents moisture from humidity from affecting the strength and durability of the furniture. These few characteristics have actually proved RTA to be stronger than solid wood furniture.

You will agree that along with its other advantages, variety is also the biggest plus point in RTA furniture. If you wish to give your bedroom a contemporary look RTA furniture can be the perfect option. You can find anything from modern to simple, sleek solid tones, Dark tones like espresso and jet black are hot picks. RTA furniture always has a smoother surface compared to that of natural wood due the veneer sheets, hence it gives a much better finish compared to natural wood. It is more sensible to pick one of these rather than altering natural look of wood to suit your shade and style.

It is a known fact that anything that is made out of solid wood, be it furniture on other item definitely comes at a very high price. With the solid wood furniture in your bedroom you are forced to live with it even when it is old and outdated. But with RTA you can afford to redo your dcor as when trend changes with out too much expenses. This doesnt mean it is not durable, with a little care you can make it last for quiet a long time.

Hybrid Cars For Energy Efficiency

A hybrid vehicle is a vehicle that uses two or more discrete power sources to propel the vehicle. Common power sources include:

On-board or out-board rechargeable energy storage system (RESS) and a fueled powA hybrid vehicle is a vehicle that uses two or more discrete power sources to propel the vehicle. Common power sources include:

On-board or out-board rechargeable energy storage system (RESS) and a fueled power source (internal combustion engine or fuel cell)

Air engine and internal combustion engines

Human powered bicycle with electric motor or gas engine assist

Human-powered or sail boat with electric power

The term most frequently refers to Hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV) which comprises internal combustion engines and electric motors.

Early hybrid systems are being examined for trucks and other heavy highway vehicles with a few operational trucks and buses initial to come into use. The chief barrier seem to be smaller fleet sizes and the extra costs of a hybrid system are yet remunerated for by fuel savings, but with the price of oil set to persist on its upward trend, the tipping point might be reached by the end of 2008. Advances in technology and lesser battery cost and higher capacity etc. urbanized in the hybrid car industry are already filtering into truck use as Toyota, Ford, GM and others initiate hybrid pickups and SUVs. Kenworth Truck Company lately introduced a hybrid-electric truck, called the Kenworth T270 Class 6 that for city usage appear to be competitive. FedEx and others are preparatory to invest in hybrid delivery type vehiclesmainly for city use where hybrid technology may pay off first. The U.S. military is inspecting hybrid Humvees and other vehicles.

When the term hybrid vehicle is used, it normally refers to a Hybrid electric vehicle. These cover such vehicles as the AHS2 (Chevrolet Tahoe, GMC Yukon, Chevrolet Silverado, Cadillac Escalade, and the Saturn Vue), Toyota Prius, Toyota Camry Hybrid, Ford Escape Hybrid, Toyota Highlander Hybrid, Honda Insight, Honda Civic Hybrid and others. A petroleum-electric hybrid normally uses internal combustion engines and electric batteries to control electric motors. There are loads of types of petroleum-electric hybrid drivetrains, from Full hybrid to Mild hybrid, which proffer varying merits and demerits.
While liquid fuel/electric hybrids in the late 1800s, the braking regenerative hybrid was invented by David Arthurs, an electrical engineer from Springdale, Arkansas in 1978-79. His home-converted Opel GT was reported to get as much as 75MPG and plans are still sold to this novel design, and the “Mother Earth News” customized version on their website.

Hybrid fuel (dual mode)

Additionally, vehicles that use two or more different devices for propulsion, some also deem vehicles that use discrete energy sources or input types (“fuels”) using the same engine to be hybrids, even though to avoid confusion with hybrids as described above and to use in the approved manner the terms, these are perhaps more suitably described as dual mode vehicles:

A few electric trolleybuses can switch between an on board diesel engine and
Overhead electrical power depending on circumstances (see dual mode bus). In principle, this could be pooled with a battery subsystem to create a true plug-in hybrid trolleybus, though as of 2006, no such design seems to have been announced.

Flexible-fuel vehicles can be able to use an assortment of input fuels (petroleum and biofuels) in one tank characteristically gasoline and bioethanol or biobutanol, though diesel-biodiesel vehicles would also meet the criteria.

Dual mode: Liquified petroleum gas and natural gas are diverse from petroleum or diesel and cannot be used in the identical tanks, so it would be unfeasible to build an (LPG or NG) flexible fuel system. As an alternative vehicles are built with two, parallel, fuel systems feeding one engine. While the replicated tanks cost space in some applications, the augmented range and flexibility where (LPG or NG) infrastructure is incomplete may be a noteworthy incentive to purchase.

Few vehicles have been modified to use another fuel source if it is available, such as cars customized to run on autogas (LPG) and diesels customized to run on waste vegetable oil that has not been processed into biodiesel.

Power-assist mechanisms for bicycles and additional human-powered vehicles are also integrated.

Fluid power hybrid

Hydraulic and pneumatic hybrid vehicles employ an engine to charge a pressure accumulator to drive the wheels through hydraulic or pneumatic (i.e. compressed air) drive units. The energy recovery rate is elevated and therefore the system is more efficient than battery charged hybrids, demonstrating a 60% to 70% increase in energy economy in EPA testing. Under tests performed by the EPA, a hydraulic hybrid Ford Expedition returned 32 mpgU.S. (7.35 L/100 km / 38.4 mpgimp) City, and 22 mpgU.S. (10.69 L/100 km / 26.4 mpgimp) highway

The most recent hybrid technology is the Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV). The PHEV is inclusive of a gasoline-electric hybrid whose battery pack (usually Li-ion) is upgraded to a superior capacity, which can be recharged by moreover a battery charger curved into the electrical grid or the gasoline engine (only if required). The car runs on battery power for the first 10 to 60 miles (16100 km), with the gasoline engine on hand for faster speeding up, etc.

After the battery is almost discharged, the car reverts to the gasoline engine to recharge the battery and/or return the car to the charging station. This may get around the fundamental barrier of battery range that has made nearly all pure electric cars impractical. Fuel rates, in principle, may be as low as 5 cents/mile. It’s not obvious yet whether converting an existing hybrid car will ever pay for itself in fuel savings.

The major problem is finding a good, cheap, high-energy battery packthe equivalent problem that has plagued the unpolluted electric car. If everyone plugged into the function grid to charge up their car this would seem to be just displacing the gasoline/diesel combustion crisis to the trait coal powered electrical generating plant. But, if cars were recharged tardy at night this would allow the base load of the electrical system to be more capable with a much more even base load and electrical power can also be generated by clean wind, hydro, tide power, etc. while most travel is regarding 30 miles/day this may be the cleanest personal transportation system at present available.

There is a “cottage” conversion industry for owner- existing hybrids, and more than a few huge auto industry groups (GM, Toyota, Mercedes etc.) plus the US Department of Energy are investigating this system. No chief car company (as of late 2007) offers PHEVs yet. The characteristic “cottage” industry conversion car is the Toyota Prius (cost of conversion $5k-$40k), as it is a full hybrid with sufficient power in its electrical system to maintain distinctive city speeds.

Fuel consumption and emissions reductions

The hybrid vehicle characteristically achieves greater fuel economy and lower emissions than conventional internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs), ensuing in fewer emissions being generated. These savings are mainly achieved by four elements of a typical hybrid design:

-Recapturing energy generally wasted during braking etc. (regenerative braking) this is a mechanism that condenses vehicle speed by converting some of its kinetic energy into a further helpful form of energy, particularly in stop-and-go traffic.

-having important battery storage capacity to store and recycle recaptured energy;

– shutting down the gasoline or diesel engine in traffic stops or while coasting or other idle periods;

– civilizing aerodynamics; A box shaped car or truck has to put forth more force to move through the air causing added stress on the engine making it toil harder. Improving the shape and aerodynamics of a car is a fine way to help better the gas mileage and also get better handling at the same time.

– By means of low rolling resistance tires; (tires these days are made to give a fine, smooth ride but hardly ever is efficiency taken into consideration. These tires cause a great pact of drag, once again making the engine toil harder, intense more gas mileage. Hybrid cars use special tires that are more exaggerated than regular tires and stiffer, which decreases the drag by about half, humanizing fuel economy by mitigating stress of the engine.

– relying on mutually the gasoline (or diesel engine) and the electric motors for peak power requires ensuing in a smaller gasoline or diesel engine sized more for normal usage rather than peak power usage.

These features make a hybrid vehicle chiefly efficient for city traffic where there are recurrent stops, coasting and idling periods. Besides noise emissions are condensed, mainly at idling and low operating speeds, in similarity to conventional gasoline or diesel powered engine vehicles. For constant high speed highway use these features are much less helpful in reducing emissions.er source (internal combustion engine or fuel cell)

Air engine and internal combustion engines

Human powered bicycle with electric motor or gas engine assist

Human-powered or sail boat with electric power

The term most frequently refers to Hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV) which comprises internal combustion engines and electric motors.

Early hybrid systems are being examined for trucks and other heavy highway vehicles with a few operational trucks and buses initial to come into use. The chief barrier seem to be smaller fleet sizes and the extra costs of a hybrid system are yet remunerated for by fuel savings, but with the price of oil set to persist on its upward trend, the tipping point might be reached by the end of 2008. Advances in technology and lesser battery cost and higher capacity etc. urbanized in the hybrid car industry are already filtering into truck use as Toyota, Ford, GM and others initiate hybrid pickups and SUVs. Kenworth Truck Company lately introduced a hybrid-electric truck, called the Kenworth T270 Class 6 that for city usage appear to be competitive. FedEx and others are preparatory to invest in hybrid delivery type vehiclesmainly for city use where hybrid technology may pay off first. The U.S. military is inspecting hybrid Humvees and other vehicles.

When the term hybrid vehicle is used, it normally refers to a Hybrid electric vehicle. These cover such vehicles as the AHS2 (Chevrolet Tahoe, GMC Yukon, Chevrolet Silverado, Cadillac Escalade, and the Saturn Vue), Toyota Prius, Toyota Camry Hybrid, Ford Escape Hybrid, Toyota Highlander Hybrid, Honda Insight, Honda Civic Hybrid and others. A petroleum-electric hybrid normally uses internal combustion engines and electric batteries to control electric motors. There are loads of types of petroleum-electric hybrid drivetrains, from Full hybrid to Mild hybrid, which proffer varying merits and demerits.
While liquid fuel/electric hybrids in the late 1800s, the braking regenerative hybrid was invented by David Arthurs, an electrical engineer from Springdale, Arkansas in 1978-79. His home-converted Opel GT was reported to get as much as 75MPG and plans are still sold to this novel design, and the “Mother Earth News” customized version on their website.

Hybrid fuel (dual mode)

Additionally, vehicles that use two or more different devices for propulsion, some also deem vehicles that use discrete energy sources or input types (“fuels”) using the same engine to be hybrids, even though to avoid confusion with hybrids as described above and to use in the approved manner the terms, these are perhaps more suitably described as dual mode vehicles:

A few electric trolleybuses can switch between an on board diesel engine and
Overhead electrical power depending on circumstances (see dual mode bus). In principle, this could be pooled with a battery subsystem to create a true plug-in hybrid trolleybus, though as of 2006, no such design seems to have been announced.

Flexible-fuel vehicles can be able to use an assortment of input fuels (petroleum and biofuels) in one tank characteristically gasoline and bioethanol or biobutanol, though diesel-biodiesel vehicles would also meet the criteria.

Dual mode: Liquified petroleum gas and natural gas are diverse from petroleum or diesel and cannot be used in the identical tanks, so it would be unfeasible to build an (LPG or NG) flexible fuel system. As an alternative vehicles are built with two, parallel, fuel systems feeding one engine. While the replicated tanks cost space in some applications, the augmented range and flexibility where (LPG or NG) infrastructure is incomplete may be a noteworthy incentive to purchase.

Few vehicles have been modified to use another fuel source if it is available, such as cars customized to run on autogas (LPG) and diesels customized to run on waste vegetable oil that has not been processed into biodiesel.

Power-assist mechanisms for bicycles and additional human-powered vehicles are also integrated.

Fluid power hybrid

Hydraulic and pneumatic hybrid vehicles employ an engine to charge a pressure accumulator to drive the wheels through hydraulic or pneumatic (i.e. compressed air) drive units. The energy recovery rate is elevated and therefore the system is more efficient than battery charged hybrids, demonstrating a 60% to 70% increase in energy economy in EPA testing. Under tests performed by the EPA, a hydraulic hybrid Ford Expedition returned 32 mpgU.S. (7.35 L/100 km / 38.4 mpgimp) City, and 22 mpgU.S. (10.69 L/100 km / 26.4 mpgimp) highway

The most recent hybrid technology is the Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV). The PHEV is inclusive of a gasoline-electric hybrid whose battery pack (usually Li-ion) is upgraded to a superior capacity, which can be recharged by moreover a battery charger curved into the electrical grid or the gasoline engine (only if required). The car runs on battery power for the first 10 to 60 miles (16100 km), with the gasoline engine on hand for faster speeding up, etc.

After the battery is almost discharged, the car reverts to the gasoline engine to recharge the battery and/or return the car to the charging station. This may get around the fundamental barrier of battery range that has made nearly all pure electric cars impractical. Fuel rates, in principle, may be as low as 5 cents/mile. It’s not obvious yet whether converting an existing hybrid car will ever pay for itself in fuel savings.

The major problem is finding a good, cheap, high-energy battery packthe equivalent problem that has plagued the unpolluted electric car. If everyone plugged into the function grid to charge up their car this would seem to be just displacing the gasoline/diesel combustion crisis to the trait coal powered electrical generating plant. But, if cars were recharged tardy at night this would allow the base load of the electrical system to be more capable with a much more even base load and electrical power can also be generated by clean wind, hydro, tide power, etc. while most travel is regarding 30 miles/day this may be the cleanest personal transportation system at present available.

There is a “cottage” conversion industry for owner- existing hybrids, and more than a few huge auto industry groups (GM, Toyota, Mercedes etc.) plus the US Department of Energy are investigating this system. No chief car company (as of late 2007) offers PHEVs yet. The characteristic “cottage” industry conversion car is the Toyota Prius (cost of conversion $5k-$40k), as it is a full hybrid with sufficient power in its electrical system to maintain distinctive city speeds.

Fuel consumption and emissions reductions

The hybrid vehicle characteristically achieves greater fuel economy and lower emissions than conventional internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs), ensuing in fewer emissions being generated. These savings are mainly achieved by four elements of a typical hybrid design:

-Recapturing energy generally wasted during braking etc. (regenerative braking) this is a mechanism that condenses vehicle speed by converting some of its kinetic energy into a further helpful form of energy, particularly in stop-and-go traffic.

-having important battery storage capacity to store and recycle recaptured energy;

– shutting down the gasoline or diesel engine in traffic stops or while coasting or other idle periods;

– civilizing aerodynamics; A box shaped car or truck has to put forth more force to move through the air causing added stress on the engine making it toil harder. Improving the shape and aerodynamics of a car is a fine way to help better the gas mileage and also get better handling at the same time.

– By means of low rolling resistance tires; (tires these days are made to give a fine, smooth ride but hardly ever is efficiency taken into consideration. These tires cause a great pact of drag, once again making the engine toil harder, intense more gas mileage. Hybrid cars use special tires that are more exaggerated than regular tires and stiffer, which decreases the drag by about half, humanizing fuel economy by mitigating stress of the engine.

– relying on mutually the gasoline (or diesel engine) and the electric motors for peak power requires ensuing in a smaller gasoline or diesel engine sized more for normal usage rather than peak power usage.

These features make a hybrid vehicle chiefly efficient for city traffic where there are recurrent stops, coasting and idling periods. Besides noise emissions are condensed, mainly at idling and low operating speeds, in similarity to conventional gasoline or diesel powered engine vehicles. For constant high speed highway use these features are much less helpful in reducing emissions.

Furnishing Your Living Room With Rattan Furniture

Many homeowners don’t believe that they can furnish the entire living room with rattan furniture alone. Some still believe that rattan furniture looks odd, and do not look modern enough to be placed in the living room. Then there are others who are not aware that you can find all kinds of rattan furniture. The common belief is that you can find an odd piece of rattan furniture to be placed in desolate corners in the home.

As you can see, there are many faults with such common perceptions of rattan furniture. Firstly, rattan furniture are available in many different shapes, sizes, and designs. The cane is so versatile that it can be used to build almost any type of furniture you can think of. For the same reason, you can also expect to find rattan furniture that come in modern designs.

The demand for rattan furniture has been on the rise these days. You can find rattan furniture almost everywhere you go – both indoors and outdoors. Believe it or not, you can actually furnish your entire living room with rattan furniture. Here are some pieces of wicker furniture you can consider.

Rattan furniture center piece.

Right smack in the center of the living room, there should be an elaborate center piece – a complete rattan sofa set. When guests arrive in your home for the first time, they don’t wander off to other parts of your house by themselves. Instead, they are more likely to stay around the center of the living room. And that’s where your center piece is.

Rattan coffee table.

There is also a very high chance that first time guests will spend a lot more time sitting in your sofa set. That’s the very first thing they notice. As they sit, perhaps a conversation will start. You can serve them some tea over a rattan coffee table, and be a good host.

Rattan bar seats.

When tired of coffee or tea, you can always invite the guests for a drink at the bar counter in your living room. There are rattan bar seats that your guests will find comfortable. They make the perfect furniture for an on-going conversation because rattan furniture ventilates well and don’t accumulate heat easily.

Rattan arm chairs.

When your guests have left, and you are alone, you can always retreat to your favorite rattan arm chair. You can place the arm chair in a personal corner in the living room, or you can place it by the fireplace. You can read or take naps in your personal arm chair for as long as you want.

Rattan tables.

Your dining area may not be in your living room, but you can always have your meals there while you are watching television. You can use the table for other purposes as well – studying, drawing, etc.

So you see, you can furnish an entire living room with rattan furniture alone. The best part is, they are so affordable that you will most certainly be pleased with the amount of money that you will save!

How Much Money Can Energy-efficient Windows Really Save You

Some homeowners are reluctantly putting off the decision to replace their windows because they’re not sure if they will recoup their initial investment. Still others are putting the decision off until they see what’s going to happen with the economy.

Is replacing your windows with energy-efficient windows really worth the investment? How much money replacement windows will save a homeowner depends, of course, on numerous factors. At the top of the list is the type of window you choose and there are plenty to choose from. There are single-panes, double-panes, and triple-panes. There are coated and uncoated windows. There are windows with hard coating and windows with soft coating. There are windows will gas filling and there are windows without gas filling. Some windows are filled with Argon, some are filled with Krypton. Decisions. Decisions. Where does a savvy homeowner begin?

You don’t need to be Einstein to deduce that dual-paned windows will save a homeowner more money on their energy bills than single-paned windows. But does the same hold true with triple-paned windows? Will triple-paned windows save you more money than dual-paned windows? Here’s what Energy Star, a government agency which promotes energy efficiency, says: “All energy efficient windows have at least two panes, but not all double-paned windows are energy efficient. Twenty years ago, double-paned meant energy efficient; today, advanced technologies have enabled the development of windows that are much more efficient than traditional clear-glass double-paned windows.”

Just as a dual-paned window is much more energy-efficient than a single-paned window, so also a triple-paned window is much more energy-efficient than a dual-paned window. But what are some of these “advanced technologies” that Energy Star is referring to?

There are four things to look for when choosing an energy-efficient window:

1. The layers of reflective glass coating.
2. The type of reflective glass coating.
3. The type of gas used between the window panes.
4. The U-Value of the window.

Once you find a triple-paned window that is manufactured by a reputable company, you have narrowed the playing field considerably. Now you need to consider whether the window panes are coated, how many layers of coating the manufacturer uses, and the type of coating they use. Some windows are coated with a reflective coating, while others are not. By selecting a window with coated glass, the coating will reflect unwanted cold in the winter and unwanted heat in the summer, thereby reducing your fuel costs and saving you money.

But not all reflective coating is created equal. Also bear in mind that most window manufacturers only coat one pane of glass. Few window manufacturers are willing to go the extra mile by coating two panes of glass. Naturally, this will increase the initial cost of the window. Nevertheless, this extra coating will usually pay for itself in savings many times over. Once you have found a triple-paned window that coats two panes of glass instead of just one, you will have eliminated most of the windows on the market. But your search for optimal energy efficiency is not quite complete yet. Patience, dear reader; we’re almost at the finish line.

The next thing to consider is whether or not the window manufacturer uses hard coating or soft coating. Soft coating is much better because it is more reflective. So why doesn’t every manufacturer use soft coating on their windows? Again, soft coating costs a little more. But investing a little more for soft coating will usually pay for itself many times over.

Insulation can be further improved by placing inert gas between the panes of glass. Some manufacturers use Krypton, most use Argon. Again, Krypton costs a bit more than Argon, but the extra savings that come from Krypton gas is well worth it.

The exact energy efficiency of a window can be scientifically measured by a trained window expert. It’s a smart idea to have a trained professional measure the energy efficiency of your current windows. Some say, “I don’t need to replace my windows. My home is just a few years old.” That may be true. However, some homebuilders try to cut costs by installing cheap windows that are not as energy-efficient as they could and should be. It’s better to be safe than sorry. Have an expert measure your windows for energy efficiency. Usually, there is no cost or obligation for this free service.

Once you’ve checked around and are ready to get a free estimate on your windows, be sure to ask the representative for the exact U-Value of the window you are considering. The official standard of measurement for energy efficiency is called a U-Value, also known as a U-Factor. The lower the U-Value, the more energy-efficient the window is. Here is a sampling of a few popular windows and their U-Values:

Alside (Vinyl): 6000 Double Hung 0.30

Alside (Vinyl): R601 Double Hung 0.33

Andersen (Wood): Woodwright (Low-E & Argon) 0.33

Preservation: 9001/P601 0.30

Anderson (Wood): A series Double hung 0.31

Marvin (Ultrex): Integrity (Low-E & Argon) 0.29

Marvin (Ultrex): Infinity (Low-E & Argon) 0.29

Pella (Wood): Proline (Low-E & Argon) 0.32

If you are considering replacing your windows with any of these popular brands, be sure to ask the representative these four following questions:

1. Do you use multiple layers of soft coating on two panes?
2. Do you fill those panes with a gas?
3. (If yes) Do you use Argon or Krypton gas filling?
4. What is the U-Value of your window?

The answer to the first three questions ultimately determines the U-Value of the window. Therefore, question number four is the most important. The U-Value will tell you how energy efficient a window is and give you an idea of how much money you’ll be able to save on your energy bills. The lower the U-Value, the greater a window’s resistance to heat flow and the better its insulating value. One window, though not as well-known as Andersen, Pella, or Marvin, has been able to achieve an incredibly low U-Value precisely because they follow the criteria mentioned in this article. Consider, for example, the U-Value of the Bristol Window, manufactured by Winchester Industries in Saltsburg, Pennsylvania:

Bristol (Reinforced Vinyl, overall window U-Value with Krypton): .18

Bristol (with Alpha-10): .21

According to the company’s literature, this particular window has been known to cut homeowner’s energy bills in half, though the exact savings will naturally vary depending on a wide variety of factors. A window expert can test your windows to find out whether or not they need to be replaced and calculate approximately how much money you will save if your windows do need replacing. By comparing the amount of money a window costs with the amount of money you will save, simple math will determine whether or not it is cost-efficient to replace your windows.

Another thing to consider is a window’s warranty. While most windows are only made to last for approximately 10 years, Bristol windows come with a transferrable 50 year warranty. That’s a huge difference. Instead of replacing your windows 5 times over the next 50 years, you can save additional money by only replacing your windows once.

Look at it this way: The government is giving you a huge head start. One thousand five hundred dollars is nothing to sneeze at. Now consider all the money you will probably save in the meantime. Often, the savings alone will pay for the windows within a few short years. It’s smart to have an energy expert help you do the math. If you still live in a home with energy wasting windows, you will pay for windows whether you replace them or not. The question is, would you rather pay extra money to your utility company for energy-deficient windows? Or would you rather invest in your home’s future value while dramatically reducing your energy bills by replacing your windows with energy-efficient windows? The choice is yours.

Save Money By Learning How To Install Kitchen Cabinets

The very first thing that I suggest that you do is familiarize yourself with the new design. Study the new design and imagine what the new room will look like when you are finished with the remodel.

In doing so, you will feel more comfortable about yourself and the installation process. Always make sure that each and every cabinet that you hang or set is plumb and level. This is probably the most important aspect of a kitchen installation.

You need to make sure that you get this step right. Something that most people do not understand is that installing cabinets is more difficult than what they think. Fastening the cabinets and drawing lines on the walls where the cabinets go is just the tip of the iceberg. Just slapping the cabinets against the wall and fastening them in place without taking your time is going to create a haphazard looking kitchen. Many times I have had carpenters tell me that my line of work was easy until they were presented with a kitchen install and they quickly realized how complex it can get.

When it came down to it, they had some serious problems and had no way of figuring out how to move ahead. It was not long until they understood that installing kitchen cabinets and actually knowing how to correctly install them was two totally different things. This does not mean that you cannot do it yourself or that you need to be good with woodworking, it is just that there are some things that you need to understand about installing kitchen cabinets correctly.

The very most important part of a kitchen install is to make sure that each and every cabinet is installed level and plumb. For instance, you are going to have the countertop fabricator come out and make a template for the top and he sees that the base cabinets are not straight or even have humps and dips in between them. He will more than likely advise you that he cannot make the template due to the errors in the installation, pack up his stuff and make a return trip later once the mistakes have been taken care of. Unless the base cabinets are flat and level to suit them, the installers of the top will not place the tops on the cabinets.

You will find that choosing a solid surfaced top is going to be very unforgiving in that it will not conform to the cabinets surface, making it imperative that you get the base cabinets flat and level. Making sure that the cabinets are perfectly installed will make for an easier job all the way around.

By making costly mistakes during the installation, you are basically wasting the money that you would have saved by installing the cabinets yourself correctly.

Find Extra Storage Space With Kitchen Carts

If you are having problems finding extra storage and work space in your kitchen, you will want to look into kitchen carts. When I got my first kitchen cart, I expected to have a little extra storage space, but I was amazed at exactly how much can fit into these. My kitchen is small and the first cart I bought was one of the smaller styles. It had a cabinet, which I used for my kitchen towels and a basket that I kept my spices in. I also put some hot plate pads in there and had room for more things. The drawer was the perfect place for all my boxes of foil, wax paper, parchment paper, baggies, etc. I can now find them easily with just a glance. The shelves hold my favorite cookbooks, a large steamer pot that was taking up way too much room in my other cabinets, my clock radio and a few other things.

The work space on top was just what I needed for all my chopping, blending and mixing needs. Because they are on locking wheels, I can get everything ready and then move it to the stove and prepare that dish without having to run back and forth. It saves me so much time and energy! They come in all types of styles, colors and sizes. You will have no problem finding one that is perfect for your kitchen. Some are made entirely of wood, with many different colors of stain, while others have stainless steel tops or granite tops. There are also kitchen island carts that are perfect for anyone who doesnt want a stationary one, or wants one thats easier on the budget. The microwave kitchen carts are so useful and make great gifts. I got my niece one for her dorm room and she loved it. As you can see, there is truly a kitchen cart for everyone.

Besides the extra storage and work space, the other fabulous thing is that these carts are so pretty and stylish. They give your kitchen a certain charm that other storage units just cant. They also come in white, black, red and other colors. The first one I bought was all white and I decided to paint it to match a color in my wallpaper. It looks great and adds a splash of color to my kitchen. There are so many advantages to kitchen carts that they are truly a multi-tasking addition to your kitchen. If youre like me, and need extra storage and work space, try one out. Youll be as hooked on them as I am!

Create The Beach Theme Kitchen Of Your Dreams With These Easy Tips

You probably spend a lot of time in your kitchen, right? I know I do. Use some of these simple kitchen accents to turn the heart of your home into your very own seaside sanctuary! We’re not talking complete kitchen renovation here. Just a few decorative, yet functional, accessories to give your kitchen a “beach house” feel without breaking the bank.

I suggest starting with one or more of the most vital kitchen accessories to create the largest impact on your space: salt and pepper shakers, kitchen towel sets, and a cutting board. Not only will you see these the most, you’ll also utilize them the most.

Cutting boards are available in all forms, big or small with various patterns. The ones I love the most are the tempered glass cutting boards that remain on your counter permanently for a special decorative accent. Also you can choose wooden cutting boards constructed of artisan bamboo. Including or not including a shore-inspired pattern, bamboo surely displays a tropical feel anyway.

A kitchen towel can be for everyday use or it can be for appearances only. They make great room accents and come in a wide variety of styles and colors. You can focus your kitchen theme around your towels, whether they be reminiscent of the ocean or the tropics, and you can get coordinating potholders and such. You might even pick up a matching apron to wear next time you’re cooking those lobster tails!

Far and away, the most often utilized thing in the majority of kitchens is salt and pepper shakers. Rather than putting them out of eyesight in a cabinet someplace, you should use them as part of your decor. Keep your beach them salt and pepper shakers ready and displayed on your oven, table, or counter. Palm trees, blue crabs, lighthouses, flamingos, etc. – you may locate a design all highlight all coastal kitchens.

Building And Construction Costs In South Africa

BUILDING COSTS (Overall rates per m excl. VAT)

The following building and construction rates are provided to indicate the current square meter costs of a range of basic or common buildings in the construction industry.

Rates are approximate and vary according to the specifications of the project. Rates should be used with extreme caution and used only as a estimated indicator as these differ from area to area. Information is not stated specifically and the lowest industry standard specification is implied.

Preliminaries are included in the price but external works excluded. Escalation to start and during construction, professional fees and finance costs are excluded.

Residential Developments GASH (good address, small home) housing by Contractor/Developer R 2 550 – 3 200 Duplex houses/apartments R 3 600 – 4 200 Luxury (cluster) houses R 5 000 – 6 800 Retirement centre R 3 600 – 4 200 External works and services R 550 – 780

Office Developments Underground parking basements including foundation R 1 650 – 2 300 Commercial office park development on basement (with AC) R 2 950 – 3 650 Prestigious office development on basements R 4 700 – 7 200 External works services and landscaping for low rise developments R 550 – 780 Retail Developments Value centre type retail R 2 200 – 2 900 Convenience strip shopping centre R 3 100 – 3 700 Regional shopping centre with enclosed malls R 5 200 – 7 300 External works paving and services R 550 – 780 Industrial Developments Warehousing with 6 m height (over 2 000 m) including ablutions R 1 400 – 1 950 Medium duty factory building with 8 m height (over 2 000 m) R 1 750 – 2 300 Attached office buildings (no AC) R 2 700 – 3 200 External works, paving and services R 550 – 780 Leisure Developments Thatched game lodge accommodation per m R 3 700 – 4 800 Budget type hotels per room R 390 000 Luxury hotels per room R 1 380 000 External works and landscaped environment per m R 850 – 1 100

Desert Landscaping

If you live in an area where desert landscaping is a necessity, you
may only see large lawns at the golf course. Cities and counties that
discourage those lawns and some will even pay you to remove them when
the sole purpose is to conserve water.

Water is a valuable asset and a green lawn is not
even a necessity. If you live in an area that is experiencing a drought
it will be worth your effort to contact a landscape professional. They
know the area, and know which plants are indigenous and you will easily
be able to maintain them in a natural environment.

There are
many ways to conserve and many ways where your plants will thrive in
sandy soil. When you add heat and wind to that mix the need increases
for you to find the correct balance between nature and your water bill.


Hedges and natural plants like cactus and yucca will be an added
benefit because they do not need a great deal of water, and many
flowering plants like lilies and poppies fall in that category as well.
Often you can plant the flowers in planters where the water is absorbed
directly onto the roots with no waste.

Another way to beat the heat and water consumption is to have the landscape
professional install timed irrigation drip systems. They only water at
precise times, like early morning or evenings and you have no runoff and
no evaporation in the heat of the day.


Stone pathways surrounded with those indigenous plants create beautiful
yards with perennials like oleander, bougainvillea and even juniper.
Install small window planters inside or out that conserve as well and
you still have the benefit of beautiful living flowers in your dry
waterless space.

A few basic options you need to follow in order
to sustain the long summer months will be to water in the early morning
or late afternoon after the sun has retreated. Try to check to see if
your plants even need water by checking the soil. Some plants only need
watering weekly especially in the fall and winter months. Others go
dormant in those months and need no water.

If you have a great
deal of concrete for walkways or driveways, remember those areas reflect
the heat instead of absorbing it. It’s actually hotter in those areas,
and may even raise the temperature around your home. A little common
sense goes a long way and when you hire a professional landscaper you’ll
be dollars ahead.